Eureka was at the apex of rapid growth of the lumber industry because of its location between huge coast redwood forests and its control of the primary port facilities. In February , the racial tension in Eureka intensified when Eureka City Councilman David Kendall was caught in the crossfire of two rival Chinese gangs and killed. Eureka is the home port to more than fishing vessels with an all-time high of over in in two modern marinas which can berth approximately boats within the city limits  and at least 50 more in nearby Fields Landing , which is part of Greater Eureka. Fifty percent of recreational fishermen using local boats are tourists from outside the area. The log trade with Japan and other Pacific Rim nations increased. These factors and others made Eureka a significant city in early California state history. During the s, Eureka fishermen landed more than half of the fish and shellfish produced and consumed in California. Buchanan of the U.
The home was built between — by renowned 19th Century architects Newsom and Newsom for lumber baron William M. After the early s, shipment of products occurred by trucks, trains, and ships from Eureka, Humboldt Bay, and other points in the region, but Eureka remained the busy center of all this activity for over years. During the s, Eureka fishermen landed more than half of the fish and shellfish produced and consumed in California. The representation of these homes in Eureka grouped with those in nearby Arcata and the Victorian village of Ferndale are of considerable importance to the overall development of Victorian architecture built in the nation. Rains , Commanding Officer of Fort Humboldt at the time, reported to his commanding officer that a local group of vigilantes had resolved to "kill every peaceable Indian - man, woman, and child. Before the arrival of Euro-American settlers, including farmers, miners, fishermen, and loggers, the area was occupied by indigenous peoples. The Wiyot are particularly known for their basketry and fishery management. This project was designed to keep mill workers and expert craftsman busy during a slow period in the industry. Fishing, shipping, and boating[ edit ] Illustrated Map of Eureka Eureka's founding and livelihood was and remains linked to Humboldt Bay, the Pacific Ocean, and related industries, especially fishing. After , Europeans ultimately overwhelmed the Wiyot, whose maximum population before the Europeans was in the hundreds in the area of what would become the county's primary city. Though the ideal location on Humboldt Bay adjacent to naturally deeper shipping channels ultimately guaranteed Eureka's development as the primary city on the bay, Arcata 's proximity to developing supply lines to inland gold mines ensured supremacy over Eureka through The district is made up of over buildings, which in total represents much of Eureka's original 19th-century core commercial center. This led to the convening of Eureka men and resulted in the forcible permanent expulsion of all Chinese residents of Eureka's Chinatown. Hundreds of these Victorian homes remain today, of which many are totally restored and a few have always remained in their original elegance and splendor. Eureka is the only U. Government and military officials to assist the native peoples or at least maintain peace. But in almost every case, settlers ultimately cut off access to ancestral sources of food in addition to the outright theft of land, despite efforts of some U. It also provided the first safe land route between San Francisco and Eureka for people to venture to the Redwood Empire. They are the farthest-southwest people whose language has Algonquian roots. Economic downturns resulting in competition for jobs led to violent actions against Chinese immigrants, especially on the Pacific coast. Many of the first immigrants who arrived as prospectors were also lumbermen, and the vast potential for industry on the bay was soon realized, especially as many hopeful gold miners realized the difficulty and infrequency of striking it rich in the mines. By the s, railroads eventually brought the production of hundreds of mills throughout the region to Eureka, primarily for shipment through its port. The magnificent Carson Mansion on 2nd and M Streets, is perhaps the most spectacular Victorian in the nation. These factors and others made Eureka a significant city in early California state history. As a result, Eureka's population of 7, swelled to 15, within ten years. The building of the Eureka Inn coincided with the opening of the new road to San Francisco. Loggers brought the enormous redwood trees down.
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