More commonly a boy, or a group of boys, go to the hospital, where the operation is done under sanitary conditions. Circumcision is still practiced, but it is now done informally. Sometimes it is done at home, with relatives present. January Learn how and when to remove this template message All Polynesian cultures are strongly stratified, ranging from somewhat less to even more. Land ownership is only inherited through the father.
The second son of a noble, normally not in line for his father's title, may get it after all if his older brother dies prematurely. Male circumcision[ edit ] In post-contact Tonga, newly pubescent males were kamu tefe , or circumcised by cutting one slit in the foreskin, on the underside of the penis. They are still estate holders, and as such have some influence, but they are not the government although many of them are high ranking civil servants. A common Tongan greeting is Malo e lelei, which might be translated, "Congratulations on your well-being. An unhappy wife had only to return to her brother, who was obligated to support her. Below them the lower chiefs fototehina. It is a serious social mistake to use the wrong word in the wrong context. Large amounts of food are contributed, then distributed to the crowds during and after the funeral. Until recently it was Tapu taboo for any male that has passed puberty to be in the same room with his sister or girl cousins alone. Men hold power and women hold rank. She presided over the bowl, made the kava , and handed out the cups. Below them, or maybe more or less on the same level, the slaves , prisoners of war popula. Same applies if you are a male and your brothers children will refer to you as a father. There seems to have been no stigma attached to sex with a fakafefine. Relatives gather, often travelling long distances to do so. A low ranking chief will always remain the lesser of a high ranking chief, even though his lands may be bigger and richer and so forth. Sex education is discouraged by the church; encouraged with limited success by the Ministry of Health. In addition to this sometimes, but very rarely, the king may elevate some person to high status. This word is also used in translations of the Bible into Tongan: The child was usually welcomed by all relatives. The notion of faka'apa'apa is still strong but the meaning of it is slowly changing especially amongst the youth of the Tongan diaspora. A Tongan obtains his rank from his mother, and that determines his place in the social order. Marriage might or might not result. And also the royal undertaker, Lauaki. Tongan culture is no exception, and despite almost two centuries of western influence, it is, together with Samoa still the most stratified culture.
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