Map of the United States of Greater Austria , proposed in , shows the city at the border of the areas inhabited by Romanians and Ukrainians. Saint Peter 's Fairs 1—15 July had given a new vibrant impulse to the market development from In , the northwestern part of the territory of Moldavia was annexed by the Habsburg Empire ; this region became known as Bukovina. The city received Magdeburg rights. The city became the region's capital, which in was raised in status and became known as the Duchy of Bukovina , a crownland of the Austrian Empire. Later settlements included those of the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture ,  the Corded Ware culture ; artifacts from the Bronze and Iron Ages were also found in the city. The city lies meters above sea level , and is surrounded by forests and fields.
It was part of a group of three fortifications, the other two being the fortress of Hotin on the Dniester to the east, and a fort on the Kolachin River , an upriver tributary of Prut. The city received Magdeburg rights. In August , Antonescu ordered the creation of a ghetto in the lowland part of the city, where 50, Bukovina Jews were crammed, two-thirds of whom would be deported in October and early to Transnistria , where the majority perished. The city's coat of arms until The city's coat of arms from to Over the following years, most of the Jews left for Israel ; the city was an important node in the Berihah network. Names[ edit ] Aside from its Ukrainian name of Chernivtsi, the city is also known by several different names in various languages, which still are used by the respective population groups much as they used to be throughout the city's history, either in connection with the rule by one country or another or independently from it: The Romanian mayor of the city Traian Popovici managed to persuade Antonescu to raise the number of Jews exempted from deportation from to 20, In , it was the site of the first Yiddish language conference, the Czernowitz Conference , coordinated by Nathan Birnbaum. However, the remaining ramparts of the fortress were still used for defense purposes; in the 17th century they were augmented with several bastions, one of which is still extant. He invited many merchants, craftsmen and entrepreneurs to help develop trade and other businesses. The city became a predominantly Ukrainian one. Map of the United States of Greater Austria , proposed in , shows the city at the border of the areas inhabited by Romanians and Ukrainians. Later settlements included those of the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture ,  the Corded Ware culture ; artifacts from the Bronze and Iron Ages were also found in the city. In the late 19th century the German language—due to the Habsburg and the very important Jewish influence—became the lingua franca and more and more newspapers were edited in German, also a remarkable literary production in German began in this period, featuring most prominently Karl Emil Franzos. The city lies meters above sea level , and is surrounded by forests and fields. Climate data for Chernivtsi. It was one of the five university centers of interwar Romania. Saint Peter 's Fairs 1—15 July had given a new vibrant impulse to the market development from In May , Romania opened a consulate general in the city. A fortified settlement located on the left north-eastern shore of the Prut dates back to the time of the Principality of Halych and is thought to have been built by Grand Prince Yaroslav Osmomysl. In April , amidst the Ukraine crisis , the Chernitvtsi city council banned the use of the word " Russia " on signboards, advertisements, billboards, tables and other public boards. The River Prut runs through the city's landscape. Since , Chernitvtsi has been a part of independent Ukraine. Following the destruction of the fortress, later settlements in the area centered on the right south-western shore of the Prut River, at a more strategically advantageous, elevated location. In the times of Halych-Volyn Principality the city's name was Chern. Archeological evidence discovered in the area surrounding Chernivtsi indicates that a population inhabited it since the Neolithic era.
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